Conditions Finder

More and more people in Norfolk and surrounding areas are living with long term conditions, such as diabetes and heart disease. You may have just been diagnosed with a long term condition and want to read some information about what that means for you or you may want some quick information to manage a short term health issue. Either way you will find the information that you need here.

You can search for a range of health conditions in the A-Z listing below. The conditions pages will also link you to the services that NCH&C provide that are related to that condition.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Meta Keywords starting with C
CA-MRSA
MRSA MRSA is a type of bacterial infection that is resistant to a number of widely used antibiotics. This means it can be more difficult to treat than other bacterial infections.
Cardiogenic shock
Heart attack A heart attack is a serious medical emergency in which the supply of blood to the heart is suddenly blocked, usually by a blood clot. Lack of blood to the heart can seriously damage the heart muscle.
CAT
Psychotherapy Psychotherapy is a type of therapy used to treat emotional problems and mental health conditions. It involves talking to a trained therapist, either one-to-one, in a group or with your wife, husband or partner.
Catheter
Urinary catheterisation Urinary catheterisation is a medical procedure used to drain and collect urine from the bladder.
CBT
Counselling Counselling is a type of talking therapy or psychological therapy. It involves talking to a counsellor about your problems.
Psychotherapy Psychotherapy is a type of therapy used to treat emotional problems and mental health conditions. It involves talking to a trained therapist, either one-to-one, in a group or with your wife, husband or partner.
Cellulitis
Fungal nail infection Fungal nail infection is a common problem affecting around three in every 100 people in the UK. Around half of all nail problems are due to a fungal infection.
Cerebral aneurysm
Brain aneurysm An aneurysm is a bulge in a blood vessel that's caused by a weakness in the blood vessel wall.
Cervarix
HPV vaccination Since September 2008 there has been a national programme to vaccinate girls aged 12 to 13 against the human papilloma virus (HPV). This age group is usually in year 8 at schools in England.
Cervical cancer jab
HPV vaccination Since September 2008 there has been a national programme to vaccinate girls aged 12 to 13 against the human papilloma virus (HPV). This age group is usually in year 8 at schools in England.
Chemotherapy
Alopecia (hair loss) Alopecia is the medical term that describes a loss of hair and sometimes baldness.
Balding Alopecia is the medical term that describes a loss of hair and sometimes baldness
Cancer Cancer is a group of conditions where the body's cells begin to grow and reproduce in an uncontrollable way. These cells can then invade and destroy healthy tissue, including organs.
Chest pain
Angina Angina is a heart condition that is caused when the blood supply to the muscles of the heart is restricted. It usually occurs when the arteries that supply the heart become hardened and narrowed.
Heart attack A heart attack is a serious medical emergency in which the supply of blood to the heart is suddenly blocked, usually by a blood clot. Lack of blood to the heart can seriously damage the heart muscle.
Pulmonary embolism A pulmonary embolism is a blood clot in the pulmonary artery, which is the blood vessel that transports blood from the heart to the lungs.
Chickenpox
Blisters A blister is a small pocket of fluid in the upper layers of the skin.
Childbirth
Postnatal depression Postnatal depression is a type of depression some women experience after they have had a baby.
Children
Atopic eczema Eczema is a condition that causes the skin to become itchy, red, dry and cracked. It is a long-term, or chronic, condition.
Chlamydia
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are diseases passed on from one person to another through unprotected sex (sex without a condom)
Chronic hepatitis
Hepatitis Hepatitis is a term used to describe inflammation (swelling) of the liver, which can occur as the result of a viral infection or because the liver is exposed to harmful substances such as alcohol.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Shortness of breath Sudden shortness of breath, or breathing difficulty, is the most common reason for visiting a hospital accident and emergency department.
Cirrhosis
Hepatitis Hepatitis is a term used to describe inflammation (swelling) of the liver, which can occur as the result of a viral infection or because the liver is exposed to harmful substances such as alcohol.
Cleft lip
Cleft lip and palate A cleft is a separation or split in either the upper lip or the roof of the mouth (palate) or sometimes both. It occurs when separate areas of the face do not join together properly when a baby is developing in the womb.
Cleft palate
Cleft lip and palate A cleft is a separation or split in either the upper lip or the roof of the mouth (palate) or sometimes both. It occurs when separate areas of the face do not join together properly when a baby is developing in the womb.
Clumsiness
Dyspraxia (childhood) Dyspraxia, also known as developmental co-ordination disorder, is a disability that affects movement and co-ordination. It is thought to be caused by a disruption in the way messages from the brain are transmitted to the body.
Clumsy child syndrome
Dyspraxia (childhood) Dyspraxia, also known as developmental co-ordination disorder, is a disability that affects movement and co-ordination. It is thought to be caused by a disruption in the way messages from the brain are transmitted to the body.
Cochlear implants
Hearing impairment Hearing impairment, or deafness, is when your hearing is affected by a condition or injury. Some people are born with a hearing loss while others may develop it as they get older.
Cognitive behavioural therapy
Counselling Counselling is a type of talking therapy or psychological therapy. It involves talking to a counsellor about your problems.
Coil
Intrauterine device (IUD) An intrauterine device (IUD) is a small, T-shaped contraceptive device made from plastic and copper that fits inside the womb (uterus). It used to be called a coil or a loop.
Cold sores
Genital herpes Genital herpes is caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV) type 1 or type 2. It causes painful blisters to appear on the genitals and the surrounding areas.
Condom
Contraception Contraception is the use of hormones, devices or surgery to prevent a woman from becoming pregnant. It allows couples to choose if and when they want to have a baby.
Conductive hearing loss
Hearing impairment Hearing impairment, or deafness, is when your hearing is affected by a condition or injury. Some people are born with a hearing loss while others may develop it as they get older.
Congenital heart disease
Down's syndrome Down’s syndrome affects a baby's normal physical development and causes moderate to severe learning difficulties. It is a lifelong condition that develops when a baby is still in the womb (uterus).
Congenital rubella syndrome
Rubella Rubella (also known as German measles) is a viral infection that used to be common in children. Rubella is usually a mild infection.
Constipation
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) IBS (irritable bowel syndrome) is a common condition of the digestive system and can cause bouts of stomach cramps, bloating, diarrhoea and constipation.
Contaminated needle
HIV and AIDS HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. The virus weakens your ability to fight infections and disease, such as cancer. AIDS is the final stage of HIV infection, when your body can no longer fight life-threatening infections.
Contraception
Combined contraceptive pill The combined oral contraceptive pill is usually just called the pill. It contains synthetic (artificial) versions of the female hormones oestrogen and progesterone, which women produce naturally in their ovaries.
Condoms Condoms are a form of barrier contraception. They prevent pregnancy by stopping sperm from reaching an egg.
Contraceptive implants and injections Contraceptive implants and injections are long-acting, effective methods of contraception. They are over 99% reliable in preventing pregnancy.
Emergency contraceptive pill The emergency contraceptive pill, also known as the morning-after pill or post-coital pill, can be used by a woman to prevent pregnancy after having unprotected sex.
Female sterilisation Female sterilisation is an effective form of contraception that permanently prevents a woman from being able to get pregnant.
Intrauterine device (IUD) An intrauterine device (IUD) is a small, T-shaped contraceptive device made from plastic and copper that fits inside the womb (uterus). It used to be called a coil or a loop.
Intrauterine system (IUS) An intrauterine system (IUS) is a small, T-shaped contraceptive device that fits inside the womb (uterus) and releases the female hormone progestogen into the body.
Male contraceptive pill There are many ongoing research projects into different methods of male contraception. Researchers are optimistic that a safe, effective method of male contraception will eventually become a reality, although this is still several years away.
Progestogen only pill The progestogen-only contraceptive pill is taken by women to prevent pregnancy.
Vasectomy Vasectomy or 'male sterilisation' is a simple and reliable method of contraception. It is usually considered permanent, although in some cases the procedure can be reversed.
Convulsions
Epilepsy Epilepsy affects the brain and causes repeated seizures, also known as fits.
Co-ordination
Dyspraxia (childhood) Dyspraxia, also known as developmental co-ordination disorder, is a disability that affects movement and co-ordination. It is thought to be caused by a disruption in the way messages from the brain are transmitted to the body.
COPD
Home oxygen treatment Home oxygen treatment involves breathing high concentrations of oxygen from a cylinder or machine in your home.
Shortness of breath Sudden shortness of breath, or breathing difficulty, is the most common reason for visiting a hospital accident and emergency department.
Coronary arteries
Coronary heart disease Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the UK's biggest killer, around one in five men and one in seven women die from the disease. CHD causes around 94,000 deaths in the UK each year.
Coronary heart disease
Cardiovascular disease Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a general term for a disease of the heart or blood vessels. Blood flow to the heart, brain or body is reduced because of: a blood clot (thrombosis) or a build-up of fatty deposits inside an artery
Heart attack A heart attack is a serious medical emergency in which the supply of blood to the heart is suddenly blocked, usually by a blood clot. Lack of blood to the heart can seriously damage the heart muscle.
Cot death
Sudden infant death syndrome Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), also known as cot death, is the sudden, unexpected and unexplained death of an apparently well infant.
Counselling
Mental health Mental health is about how we think, feel and behave. One in four people in the UK has a mental health problem at some point, which can affect their daily life, relationships or physical health.
Cramps
Motor neurone disease Motor neurone disease is a rare condition that progressively damages the nervous system, causing the muscles to waste away.
Crohn's disease
Diarrhoea Diarrhoea is passing loose or watery faeces more than three times a day. It affects almost everyone from time to time and is usually nothing to worry about.
CRS
Rubella Rubella (also known as German measles) is a viral infection that used to be common in children. Rubella is usually a mild infection.
Crying
Babies crying All babies cry, particularly during the first few weeks after birth. Babies cry when they need something, but it does not always mean that something is wrong.
Cryptogenic epilepsy
Epilepsy Epilepsy affects the brain and causes repeated seizures, also known as fits.
Cuts
Sports injuries Playing sport and doing regular exercise is good for your health, but sometimes you can injure yourself.
Cystic fibrosis
Home oxygen treatment Home oxygen treatment involves breathing high concentrations of oxygen from a cylinder or machine in your home.
Cystitis
Urinary tract infection (adults) Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are very common. They can be painful and uncomfortable, but they usually pass within a few days or can be easily treated with a course of antibiotics.
Cysts
Acne Acne is a common skin condition that affects most people at some point. It causes spots to develop on the skin, usually on the face, back and chest.

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