Conditions Finder

More and more people in Norfolk and surrounding areas are living with long term conditions, such as diabetes and heart disease. You may have just been diagnosed with a long term condition and want to read some information about what that means for you or you may want some quick information to manage a short term health issue. Either way you will find the information that you need here.

You can search for a range of health conditions in the A-Z listing below. The conditions pages will also link you to the services that NCH&C provide that are related to that condition.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Meta Keywords starting with B
Babies
Babies crying All babies cry, particularly during the first few weeks after birth. Babies cry when they need something, but it does not always mean that something is wrong.
Baby blues
Postnatal depression Postnatal depression is a type of depression some women experience after they have had a baby.
Bacteria
Clostridium difficile (C.diff) Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) are bacteria that are present naturally in the gut of around two-thirds of children and 3% of adults.
Bad breath
Gum disease Gum disease, also known as gingivitis, is where the gums become swollen, sore or infected.
Balance
Falls Everyone can be at risk of having a fall, but older adults are more vulnerable than others. This is mainly due to long-term health conditions that can increase the chances of a fall.
Basal ganglia
Tourette's syndrome Tourette’s syndrome is a condition affecting the brain and nervous system (a neurological condition) that is characterised by involuntary, random sounds and movements, known as tics.
BCG vaccine
Tuberculosis (TB) Tuberculosis (TB) is a bacterial infection. It is spread through inhaling tiny droplets of saliva from the coughs or sneezes of an infected person.
Bedsore
Pressure ulcers Pressure ulcers, also sometimes known as bedsores or pressure sores, are a type of injury that affects areas of the skin and underlying tissue. They are caused when the affected area of skin is placed under too much pressure.
Behaviour
ADHD Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a group of behavioural symptoms that include inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsiveness. Attention deficit disorder (ADD) is a type of ADHD.
Benign brain tumours
Brain tumours A brain tumour is a growth of cells in the brain that multiply in an abnormal, uncontrollable way. However, it is not always cancerous.
Bereavement
Sudden infant death syndrome Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), also known as cot death, is the sudden, unexpected and unexplained death of an apparently well infant.
Birth control
Combined contraceptive pill The combined oral contraceptive pill is usually just called the pill. It contains synthetic (artificial) versions of the female hormones oestrogen and progesterone, which women produce naturally in their ovaries.
Condoms Condoms are a form of barrier contraception. They prevent pregnancy by stopping sperm from reaching an egg.
Contraception Contraception is the use of hormones, devices or surgery to prevent a woman from becoming pregnant. It allows couples to choose if and when they want to have a baby.
Contraceptive implants and injections Contraceptive implants and injections are long-acting, effective methods of contraception. They are over 99% reliable in preventing pregnancy.
Contraceptive patch The contraceptive patch (transdermal patch) is a type of contraception that delivers hormones into your body through your skin which stop you getting pregnant.
Female sterilisation Female sterilisation is an effective form of contraception that permanently prevents a woman from being able to get pregnant.
Intrauterine device (IUD) An intrauterine device (IUD) is a small, T-shaped contraceptive device made from plastic and copper that fits inside the womb (uterus). It used to be called a coil or a loop.
Intrauterine system (IUS) An intrauterine system (IUS) is a small, T-shaped contraceptive device that fits inside the womb (uterus) and releases the female hormone progestogen into the body.
Male contraceptive pill There are many ongoing research projects into different methods of male contraception. Researchers are optimistic that a safe, effective method of male contraception will eventually become a reality, although this is still several years away.
Progestogen only pill The progestogen-only contraceptive pill is taken by women to prevent pregnancy.
Vasectomy Vasectomy or 'male sterilisation' is a simple and reliable method of contraception. It is usually considered permanent, although in some cases the procedure can be reversed.
Birth defect
Cleft lip and palate A cleft is a separation or split in either the upper lip or the roof of the mouth (palate) or sometimes both. It occurs when separate areas of the face do not join together properly when a baby is developing in the womb.
Blackheads
Acne Acne is a common skin condition that affects most people at some point. It causes spots to develop on the skin, usually on the face, back and chest.
Bladder
Urinary incontinence Urinary incontinence is the unintentional passing of urine. It is a very common problem and is thought to affect more than 50 million people in the developed world.
Bladder cancer
Cancer Cancer is a group of conditions where the body's cells begin to grow and reproduce in an uncontrollable way. These cells can then invade and destroy healthy tissue, including organs.
Bladder infection
Cystitis Cystitis is inflammation of the bladder. It's usually caused by an infection in the bladder, but can also be caused by irritation or damage (from friction during sex, for example).
Bleeding gums
Gum disease Gum disease, also known as gingivitis, is where the gums become swollen, sore or infected.
Blisters
Sports injuries Playing sport and doing regular exercise is good for your health, but sometimes you can injure yourself.
Bloating
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) IBS (irritable bowel syndrome) is a common condition of the digestive system and can cause bouts of stomach cramps, bloating, diarrhoea and constipation.
Blood blisters
Blisters A blister is a small pocket of fluid in the upper layers of the skin.
Blood clot
Embolism An embolism is a foreign body, such as a blood clot or an air bubble, that travels through the bloodstream and becomes lodged in a blood vessel, blocking the flow of blood.
Pulmonary embolism A pulmonary embolism is a blood clot in the pulmonary artery, which is the blood vessel that transports blood from the heart to the lungs.
Blood oxygen
Home oxygen treatment Home oxygen treatment involves breathing high concentrations of oxygen from a cylinder or machine in your home.
Blood poisoning
MRSA MRSA is a type of bacterial infection that is resistant to a number of widely used antibiotics. This means it can be more difficult to treat than other bacterial infections.
Pressure ulcers Pressure ulcers, also sometimes known as bedsores or pressure sores, are a type of injury that affects areas of the skin and underlying tissue. They are caused when the affected area of skin is placed under too much pressure.
Blood vessels
Blood tests A blood test is when a sample of blood is taken for testing in a laboratory. Blood tests have a wide range of uses and are one of the most common types of medical test.
Bowel
Constipation Constipation is a very common condition that affects people of all ages. It can mean that you are not passing stools (faeces) as often as you normally do, you have to strain more than usual or you are unable to completely empty your bowels.
Bowel cancer
Cancer Cancer is a group of conditions where the body's cells begin to grow and reproduce in an uncontrollable way. These cells can then invade and destroy healthy tissue, including organs.
Bowel movements
Bowel incontinence Bowel incontinence can be extremely upsetting and hard to cope with, but effective treatments are available and a cure possible, so make sure you see your GP.
Bradykinesia
Parkinsons disease Parkinson’s disease is a condition in which part of the brain becomes progressively more damaged over many years (a progressive neurological condition).
Brain
Brain aneurysm An aneurysm is a bulge in a blood vessel that's caused by a weakness in the blood vessel wall.
Brain aneurysm
Brain haemorrhage A subarachnoid haemorrhage is a type of stroke caused by bleeding in and around the brain. Subarachnoid haemorrhages account for around 1 in 20 of all strokes in England.
Brain damage
Head injury The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) defines a head injury as any trauma to the head other than shallow injuries on the surface of the face.
Rubella Rubella (also known as German measles) is a viral infection that used to be common in children. Rubella is usually a mild infection.
Stroke A stroke is a serious medical condition that occurs when the blood supply to part of the brain is cut off.
Breast cancer
Cancer Cancer is a group of conditions where the body's cells begin to grow and reproduce in an uncontrollable way. These cells can then invade and destroy healthy tissue, including organs.
Breathing
Asthma Asthma is a long-term condition that can cause a cough, wheezing and breathlessness. The severity of the symptoms varies from person to person. Asthma can be controlled well in most people most of the time.
Breathing difficulties
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the name for a collection of lung diseases including chronic bronchitis, emphysema and chronic obstructive airways disease.
Breathing difficulty
Shortness of breath Sudden shortness of breath, or breathing difficulty, is the most common reason for visiting a hospital accident and emergency department.
Breathlessness
Home oxygen treatment Home oxygen treatment involves breathing high concentrations of oxygen from a cylinder or machine in your home.
Pulmonary embolism A pulmonary embolism is a blood clot in the pulmonary artery, which is the blood vessel that transports blood from the heart to the lungs.
Shortness of breath Sudden shortness of breath, or breathing difficulty, is the most common reason for visiting a hospital accident and emergency department.
Brittle nails
Nail abnormalities Fingernail or toenail abnormalities can tell you a lot about your health. They're often a sign of a fungal nail infection or injury, but can sometimes indicate a more serious underlying disease.
Bruises
Sports injuries Playing sport and doing regular exercise is good for your health, but sometimes you can injure yourself.
Bunion
Corns and calluses Corns and calluses are areas of hard, thickened skin that develop when the skin is exposed to excessive pressure or friction. They commonly occur on the feet and can cause pain and discomfort when you walk.

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